Transportation

Unit 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Δ%
 
Passenger services – offer
 
Train-kilometres
vehicle-km m 146.4 147.2 148.6 151.8 150.6 -0.7

Train-kilometres

Including bus lines.
Long-Distance Services
vehicle-km m 68.2 67.9 68.5 68.9 67.6 -1.9

Long-Distance Services

Including bus lines.
Regional Services
vehicle-km m 78.2 79.3 80.1 82.9 83.0 0.2

Regional Services

Including bus lines.
Rail services
train-km m 74.9 76.3 76.9 79.7 80.0 0.5

Rail services

Bus services
bus-km m 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.0 -5.9

Bus services

Seat-kilometres offered
seat-km offered m 64,747 65,602 65,792 68,642 68,195 -0.7

Seat-kilometres offered

Seats offered on average per train
number 442 446 443 452 453 0.1

Seats offered on average per train

Long-Distance Services
number 622 636 626 640 650 1.5

Long-Distance Services

Regional Services
number 296 292 297 306 302 -1.5

Regional Services

Passenger services – sales
 
SBB points of sale
number 718 718 720 721 718 -0.4

SBB points of sale

The number of points of sale within SBB cannot be considered in relation to the number of SBB train stations: sales points at stations whose infrastructure belongs to SBB may also be operated by transport companies other than SBB; in addition, SBB has points of sale that are not located in train stations (e.g. EuroAirport Basel) or in SBB stations (e.g. Konstanz). Auditing of time period through 2017: correction of double counting arising from ticket machine sites and agency sites.
Staffed by SBB employees
number 185 179 176 170 162 -4.7

Staffed by SBB employees

Staffed by agencies
number 57 57 53 50 49 -2.0

Staffed by agencies

Migrolino, Valora, Swiss Post, station operator.
With self-service
number 476 482 491 501 507 1.2

With self-service

Ticket sales
m 81.9 85.0 87.6 92.4 98.9 6.9

Ticket sales

The total ticket sales also include sales via partner distribution.
Digital channels (sbb.ch and SBB Mobile)
m 10.4 13.1 18.0 24.4 32.4 32.7

Digital channels (sbb.ch and SBB Mobile)

Ticket machines
m 47.9 48.9 47.9 49.3 48.4 -1.8

Ticket machines

Automatic travelcard renewal
m [1.4] [1.4] [1.3] 2.0 2.9 42.6

Automatic travelcard renewal

Counters
m 21.6 20.9 19.8 16.0 14.6 -8.7

Counters

Rail Service and GA Travelcard Helpdesk
m 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 -18.9

Rail Service and GA Travelcard Helpdesk

Self-service quota
% 72.8 74.7 76.8 82.1 84.8 2.7

Self-service quota

of which via digital channels
% 12.6 15.4 20.5 26.4 32.7 6.3

of which via digital channels

Regular customers (GA and Half-Fare travelcards)
m 2.777 2.796 2.793 2.867 3.011 5.0

Regular customers (GA and Half-Fare travelcards)

GA travelcards (network season tickets)
m 0.442 0.453 0.460 0.472 0.480 1.7

GA travelcards (network season tickets)

Travelcards in circulation at year-end.
GA travelcard rate by canton
Proportion of the population with a GA travelcard.
Aargau
% 6.3 6.5 6.6 6.8 7.0 0.2

Aargau

Appenzell Ausserrhoden
% 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.4 -0.1

Appenzell Ausserrhoden

Appenzell Innerrhoden
% 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 -0.1

Appenzell Innerrhoden

Basel-Landschaft
% 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 0.0

Basel-Landschaft

Basel-Stadt
% 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 -0.1

Basel-Stadt

Bern / Berne
% 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.9 10.0 0.0

Bern / Berne

Fribourg / Freiburg
% 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.9 0.1

Fribourg / Freiburg

Genève
% 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.0

Genève

Glarus
% 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.5 0.1

Glarus

Graubünden / Grigioni / Grischun
% 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 -0.0

Graubünden / Grigioni / Grischun

Jura
% 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 0.1

Jura

Luzern
% 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 0.0

Luzern

Neuchâtel
% 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 0.0

Neuchâtel

Nidwalden
% 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.4 0.2

Nidwalden

Obwalden
% 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.7 -0.0

Obwalden

Schaffhausen
% 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.4 -0.0

Schaffhausen

Schwyz
% 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.3 0.1

Schwyz

Solothurn
% 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6 0.1

Solothurn

St. Gallen
% 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 0.2

St. Gallen

Thurgau
% 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 -0.1

Thurgau

Ticino
% 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.1

Ticino

Uri
% 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.5 0.0

Uri

Valais / Wallis
% 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 0.0

Valais / Wallis

Vaud
% 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1 -0.1

Vaud

Zug
% 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9 7.2 0.3

Zug

Zürich
% 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 0.1

Zürich

Half-Fare travelcards
m 2.335 2.344 2.332 2.395 2.531 5.7

Half-Fare travelcards

Travelcards in circulation at year-end.
Half-Fare travelcard rate by canton
Proportion of the population with a Half-Fare travelcard.
Aargau
% 28.1 27.8 27.2 27.3 28.3 1.0

Aargau

Appenzell Ausserrhoden
% 28.4 28.5 28.5 31.2 32.3 1.2

Appenzell Ausserrhoden

Appenzell Innerrhoden
% 24.6 24.5 24.0 24.9 26.1 1.2

Appenzell Innerrhoden

Basel-Landschaft
% 28.3 28.0 27.0 26.9 27.8 0.9

Basel-Landschaft

Basel-Stadt
% 35.2 35.6 34.2 33.6 34.0 0.4

Basel-Stadt

Bern / Berne
% 34.4 34.6 34.4 34.8 36.0 1.2

Bern / Berne

Fribourg / Freiburg
% 19.0 19.0 18.9 19.2 20.2 1.0

Fribourg / Freiburg

Genève
% 16.1 15.6 14.9 15.2 16.1 0.9

Genève

Glarus
% 25.7 25.6 24.8 25.5 26.1 0.6

Glarus

Graubünden / Grigioni / Grischun
% 29.0 28.7 28.4 28.8 30.0 1.2

Graubünden / Grigioni / Grischun

Jura
% 17.7 17.8 17.5 18.1 19.4 1.4

Jura

Luzern
% 33.0 33.2 32.6 32.7 33.9 1.2

Luzern

Neuchâtel
% 19.9 19.7 19.6 19.9 20.8 1.0

Neuchâtel

Nidwalden
% 34.1 34.1 33.5 36.1 37.9 1.8

Nidwalden

Obwalden
% 31.2 31.3 30.9 33.1 34.8 1.6

Obwalden

Schaffhausen
% 30.3 30.3 29.6 29.6 30.3 0.7

Schaffhausen

Schwyz
% 29.3 29.6 29.4 30.5 32.2 1.7

Schwyz

Solothurn
% 27.6 27.7 27.3 27.6 28.8 1.3

Solothurn

St. Gallen
% 27.4 27.4 27.1 27.4 29.6 2.1

St. Gallen

Thurgau
% 27.5 27.5 27.3 27.3 27.9 0.7

Thurgau

Ticino
% 15.4 10.2 9.9 10.3 11.2 0.9

Ticino

Uri
% 31.5 31.5 31.2 28.8 30.4 1.6

Uri

Valais / Wallis
% 25.1 25.5 25.6 26.1 27.4 1.3

Valais / Wallis

Vaud
% 24.6 24.4 24.0 24.5 25.6 1.1

Vaud

Zug
% 39.0 39.1 38.5 39.0 41.9 2.9

Zug

Zürich
% 38.0 37.9 37.0 37.0 38.5 1.5

Zürich

Passenger services – demand
Passenger-traffic performance
Pkm m 17,773 18,231 18,560 18,960 18,975 0.1

Passenger-traffic performance

This figure includes an adjustment of +22.0 million passenger-kilometres in total based on estimations of rail replacement service traffic. Furthermore, the shortening of the north–south line through the Gotthard Base Tunnel as of the 12/2016 timetable change has resulted in a shortening of the line of 31 kilometres. If this line shortening is adjusted for comparison purposes, the growth in long-distance traffic was 0.8 per cent.
Long-Distance Services
Pkm m 13,107 13,348 13,543 13,742 13,742 -0.0

Long-Distance Services

This figure includes an adjustment of +10.1 million passenger-kilometres based on estimations of rail replacement service traffic. Furthermore, the shortening of the north–south line through the Gotthard Base Tunnel as of the 12/2016 timetable change has resulted in a shortening of the line of 31 kilometres. If this line shortening is adjusted for comparison purposes, the growth in long-distance traffic was 0.8 per cent.
Regional Services
Pkm m 4,666 4,883 5,017 5,218 5,233 0.3

Regional Services

This figure includes an adjustment of +11.9 million passenger-kilometres based on estimations of rail replacement service traffic.
Rail services
Pkm m 4,643 4,861 4,995 5,194 5,209 0.3

Rail services

This figure includes an adjustment of +11.9 million passenger kilometres based on estimations of rail replacement service traffic.
Bus services
Pkm m 24 22 22 24 25 2.5

Bus services

Growth in demand during time of peak traffic
% 1.7 1.1 2.0 2.1 0.6 -1.5

Growth in demand during time of peak traffic

Long-Distance Services
% 1.8 0.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 -0.4

Long-Distance Services

Regional Services
% 1.7 2.1 3.1 4.0 -0.1 -4.1

Regional Services

Growth in demand during off-peak periods
% 1.2 1.0 1.9 2.5 0.1 -2.4

Growth in demand during off-peak periods

Long-Distance Services
% 1.3 0.1 1.8 1.7 -0.2 -1.9

Long-Distance Services

Regional Services
% 0.7 4.4 2.3 5.2 1.2 -4.0

Regional Services

Average load factor
% 27.8 28.1 28.6 28.0 28.2 0.2

Average load factor

Long-Distance Services
% 30.9 30.9 31.6 31.1 31.3 0.1

Long-Distance Services

Regional Services
% 21.8 22.5 22.7 22.1 22.4 0.3

Regional Services

Passenger volume in terms of journeys
PJ m 415.6 430.4 441.8 458.4 459.9 0.3

Passenger volume in terms of journeys

Average number of passengers per day
1.14 1.18 1.21 1.25 1.26 0.6

Average number of passengers per day

Average passengers per train
number 124 127 128 128 128 0.6

Average passengers per train

Average length of journey
km 41.4 41.1 40.8 40.2 40.0 -0.4

Average length of journey

Modal split of passenger traffic
% 20.4 20.6 20.6 20.6

Modal split of passenger traffic

Percentage of all public transport of motorised passenger traffic by rail and road; in terms of transport performance in Switzerland in passenger-kilometres, excluding human-powered mobility. Source: Federal Statistical Office – Mobility and Transport. Latest reference year: 2016.
of which railway
% 16.4 16.6 16.7 16.7

of which railway

Railway’s share of motorised passenger traffic by rail and road; in terms of transport performance in Switzerland in passenger- kilometres, excluding human-powered mobility. Source: Federal Statistical Office – Mobility and Transport. Latest reference year: 2016.
Numbers of passengers using stations
Zürich HB
JL/working day 441,400 466,800

Zürich HB

This also comprises ZLOE, ZMUS and ZUSZ, but excludes the frequencies of the SZU Uetliberg line.
Bern
JL/working day 202,600 210,000

Bern

Without RBS.
Basel SBB
JL/working day 112,900 114,200

Basel SBB

Without SNCF.
Lausanne
JL/working day 107,100 108,900
Winterthur
JL/working day 105,200 108,000
Luzern
JL/working day 91,800 96,200
Zürich Oerlikon
JL/working day 84,500 85,700
Zürich Stadelhofen
JL/working day 81,100 83,300

Zürich Stadelhofen

Without Forchbahn.
Olten
JL/working day 78,100 81,300
Genève
JL/working day 70,700 73,700

Genève

Without SNCF.
 
Freight services
 
Volume of freight traffic
net tonnes m 48.3 53.1 51.1 53.5 53.2 -0.6

Volume of freight traffic

Consolidated figures for SBB Cargo Ltd and SBB Cargo International Ltd. The categorisation into wagonload freight and intermodal transport is performed in the same way as the traffic volume, i.e. by FSO (Federal Statistical Office) traffic type, based on the NHM codes of the wagons rather than on SBB Cargo’s product lines.
Wagonload freight
net tonnes m 31.6 34.9 33.0 32.1 30.8 -4.0

Wagonload freight

Includes wagonload freight block trains.
Intermodal transport
net tonnes m 16.7 18.2 18.1 21.4 22.4 4.6

Intermodal transport

Lorry shuttle
net tonnes m 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.6 5.7

Lorry shuttle

Unaccompanied intermodal transport
net tonnes m 13.1 14.5 14.5 18.0 18.8 4.5

Unaccompanied intermodal transport

Average volume of freight traffic per day
net tonnes/day 195,000 210,000 205,000 210,000 210,000 0.0

Average volume of freight traffic per day

Loaded wagons of SBB Cargo Ltd (Switzerland)
Traffic of SBB Cargo Ltd only (Switzerland). It is not possible to make a comparison with the figures published for the volume of freight traffic and freight tonne-kilometres.
– System wagonload freight
Wagons 604,481 599,355 -0.8

– System wagonload freight

– Single wagonload freight
Wagons 80,963 69,217 -14.5

– Single wagonload freight

– Block trains
Wagons 367,124 352,207 -4.1

– Block trains

Freight-traffic performance
net tonne-km m 12,317 14,478 15,065 16,559 16,699 0.8

Freight-traffic performance

Consolidated figures for SBB Cargo Ltd and SBB Cargo International Ltd.
SBB Cargo Ltd
net tonne-km m 5,176 6,562 6,334 6,539 6,534 -0.1

SBB Cargo Ltd

SBB Cargo International Ltd
net tonne-km m 7,806 9,054 9,952 11,163 11,374 1.9

SBB Cargo International Ltd

by FSO traffic type
In the categorisation by FSO (Federal Statistical Office) traffic type, the differentiation between wagonload freight and intermodal transport is based on the NHM codes of the wagons rather than on SBB Cargo’s product lines.
Wagonload freight
net tonne-km m 5,274 6,367 6,188 5,918 5,871 -0.8

Wagonload freight

Includes wagonload freight block trains.
Intermodal transport
net tonne-km m 7,042 8,111 8,877 10,641 10,827 1.8

Intermodal transport

Lorry shuttle
net tonne-km m 587 585 605 551 561 1.9

Lorry shuttle

Unaccompanied intermodal transport
net tonne-km m 6,456 7,526 8,272 10,090 10,266 1.7

Unaccompanied intermodal transport

Modal split of freight traffic
% 37.3 37.8 38.4 39.0

Modal split of freight traffic

Railway’s share of total freight traffic by rail and road; in terms of transport performance in Switzerland in net-net tonne-kilometres. Source: Federal Statistical Office – Mobility and Transport. Latest reference year: 2016.
Trans-alpine freight SBB Cargo
net tonnes m 12.7 17.6 18.4 20.3 20.8 2.8

Trans-alpine freight SBB Cargo

Consolidated figures for SBB Cargo Ltd and SBB Cargo International Ltd. The categorisation into wagonload freight and intermodal transport is performed in the same way as the traffic volume, i.e. by FSO (Federal Statistical Office) traffic type, based on the NHM codes of the wagons rather than on SBB Cargo’s product lines.
by transit route
 
Gotthard
net tonnes m 10.9 14.6 13.7 14.7 12.8 -13.0

Gotthard

Shifting in particular of unaccompanied intermodal transport onto the Simplon corridor due to long possessions on the Luino route of the Gotthard corridor.
Wagonload freight
net tonnes m 2.5 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.8 -4.3

Wagonload freight

Lorry shuttle
net tonnes m 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 -5.3

Lorry shuttle

Unaccompanied intermodal transport
net tonnes m 8.1 8.6 7.7 8.4 6.7 -19.6

Unaccompanied intermodal transport

Shifting of traffic onto the Simplon corridor due to long possessions on the Luino route of the Gotthard corridor.
Simplon
net tonnes m 1.8 3.1 4.7 5.6 8.0 44.6

Simplon

Shifting in particular of unaccompanied intermodal transport onto the Simplon corridor due to long possessions on the Luino route of the Gotthard corridor.
Wagonload freight
net tonnes m 0.8 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.0 -32.8

Wagonload freight

Unaccompanied intermodal transport
net tonnes m 1.1 1.2 3.0 4.0 7.0 74.4

Unaccompanied intermodal transport

Shifting of traffic onto the Simplon corridor due to long possessions on the Luino route of the Gotthard corridor.
by FSO traffic type
In the categorisation by FSO (Federal Statistical Office) traffic type, the differentiation between wagonload freight and intermodal transport is based on the NHM codes of the wagons rather than on SBB Cargo’s product lines.
Wagonload freight
net tonnes m 3.2 7.5 7.5 7.6 6.8 -10.1

Wagonload freight

Includes wagonload freight block trains.
Lorry shuttle
net tonnes m 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 -5.4

Lorry shuttle

Unaccompanied intermodal transport
net tonnes m 9.2 9.8 10.6 12.4 13.7 10.8

Unaccompanied intermodal transport

SBB market share of trans-alpine railway freight
% 42.1 58.1 60.4 64.7 68.0 3.3

SBB market share of trans-alpine railway freight

Intramodal market share, measured by traffic volume in net-net tonnes. Source: Federal Office of Transport – shift of freight from road to rail. Latest reference year: 2017.
SBB Cargo Ltd
% 13.6 28.9 27.4 29.9 26.2 -3.7

SBB Cargo Ltd

SBB Cargo International Ltd
% 28.5 29.2 31.4 34.8 41.8 7.0

SBB Cargo International Ltd

 
Infrastructure
 
Number of trains on the network
number/day 9,855 10,110 10,320 10,608 10,671 0.6

Number of trains on the network