Sustainability

Energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, noise protection, stock consumption or waste – SBB is proud to be one of the most environmentally friendly railways in Europe, and puts this on display with transparency.

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Energy consumption within Switzerland
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Data on SBB Ltd and SBB Cargo Ltd (Switzerland).
Electricity and fuel consumption
GWh 2,577 2,547 2,518 2,485 2,332 -6.2
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Electricity and fuel consumption


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Traction current
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GWh 1,815 1,780 1,760 1,734 1,578 -9.0
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Traction current


Footnote

SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking; including SBB Cargo International Ltd.

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Own consumption for traction current supply
GWh 131 126 126 140 190 35.6
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Own consumption for traction current supply


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Diesel for rail traction
GWh 106 112 116 108 102 -5.9
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Diesel for rail traction


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Fuel for road vehicles, machines and equipment
GWh 40 40 32 31 30 -2.8
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Fuel for road vehicles, machines and equipment


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Electricity for buildings and facilities
GWh 258 270 272 264 268 1.3
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Electricity for buildings and facilities


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Thermal energy for buildings and facilities
GWh 227 219 212 206 196 -4.6
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Thermal energy for buildings and facilities


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Heating oil
GWh 82.2 82.0 60.7 51.6 49.0 -5.0
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Heating oil


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Natural gas
GWh 94.9 86.9 81.0 79.0 59.9 -24.1
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Natural gas


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Propane
GWh 7.1 9.4 6.5 6.3 4.4 -29.8
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Propane


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Biogas
GWh 0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8 4.2 128.4
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Biogas


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Wood
GWh 6.3 14.2 12.8 13.8 17.1 24.1
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Wood


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District heating
GWh 36.6 26.3 49.6 53.1 61.6 15.9
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District heating


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Specific energy consumption of railway passenger transport
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kWh/100 Pkm 8.58 8.54 8.44 7.90 12.13 53.5
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Specific energy consumption of railway passenger transport


Footnote

SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking; including standard gauge subsidiaries of SBB Regional Services.

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Specific energy consumption of railway freight traffic
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kWh/100 net tonne-km 4.45 4.35 4.34 4.35 4.05 -7.0
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Specific energy consumption of railway freight traffic


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SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking; including SBB Cargo International Ltd.

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Greenhouse gas emissions within Switzerland
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Data on SBB Ltd and SBB Cargo Ltd (Switzerland).
Greenhouse gas emissions from energy consumption
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t 136,165 133,719 131,327 123,491 116,537 -5.6
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Greenhouse gas emissions from energy consumption


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Direct emissions plus upstream emissions (greenhouse gas emissions by upstream industrial processes such as manufacture, storage or transport of raw materials, semi-manufactured products or products; “grey” energy).

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Traction current
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t 12,533 12,028 11,893 11,714 10,661 -9.0
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Traction current


Footnote

SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking; including SBB Cargo International Ltd.

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Own consumption for traction current supply
t 1,935 1,856 1,859 2,068 2,804 35.6
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Own consumption for traction current supply


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Diesel for rail traction
t 42,840 45,260 46,872 43,674 41,117 -5.9
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Diesel for rail traction


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Fuel for road vehicles, machines and equipment
t 13,655 14,214 14,333 12,506 11,663 -6.7
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Fuel for road vehicles, machines and equipment


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Electricity for buildings and facilities
t 3,875 2,696 2,173 1,549 1,570 1.3
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Electricity for buildings and facilities


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Thermal energy for buildings and facilities
t 61,327 57,664 54,196 51,980 48,723 -6.3
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Thermal energy for buildings and facilities


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Specific greenhouse gas emissions of railway passenger transport
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g/100 Pkm 14.36 14.65 15.45 14.47 22.21 53.5
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Specific greenhouse gas emissions of railway passenger transport


Footnote

SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking; including standard gauge subsidiaries of SBB Regional Services. The calculation of these specific emissions follows the standard EN 16258 ("Well-to-Wheel", without shunting and without construction, maintenance and dismantling of energy producing plants).

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Specific greenhouse gas emissions of railway freight traffic
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g/100 net tonne-km 153.1 171.7 188.2 188.0 189.6 0.8
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Specific greenhouse gas emissions of railway freight traffic


Footnote

SBB’s point of view as a railway undertaking, including SBB Cargo International Ltd. The calculation of these specific emissions follows the standard EN 16258 ("Well-to-Wheel", without shunting and without construction, maintenance and dismantling of energy producing plants).

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Noise protection
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Low-noise rolling stock SBB Passenger Traffic
% 97.6 97.6 97.7 97.8 97.7 -0.2
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Low-noise rolling stock SBB Passenger Traffic


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Low-noise freight wagons SBB Cargo
% 92.9 93.6 93.7 97.3 98.9 1.5
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Low-noise freight wagons SBB Cargo


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Noise barriers and walls (construction length)
km 383 391 403 404 408 1.0
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Noise barriers and walls (construction length)


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of which SBB infrastructure
km 382 390 402 403 407 1.0
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of which SBB infrastructure


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Stock consumption
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Data on SBB Ltd and SBB Cargo Ltd (Switzerland).
Track construction materials
t 597,913 660,273 730,238 670,128 611,265 -8.8
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Track construction materials


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Gravel
t 29,462 22,100 62,900 41,574 49,612 19.3
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Gravel


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Ballast
t 468,873 530,000 536,500 510,261 460,729 -9.7
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Ballast


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Line sleepers
t 44,171 47,403 64,260 54,573 50,335 -7.8
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Line sleepers


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produced from concrete
t 33,983 39,771 58,164 47,836 45,773 -4.3
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produced from concrete


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produced from wood
t 5,892 5,009 3,759 4,302 2,557 -40.6
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produced from wood


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produced from steel
t 4,296 2,623 2,337 2,434 2,006 -17.6
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produced from steel


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Points sleepers
t 13,307 14,430 14,988 13,670 12,154 -11.1
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Points sleepers


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produced from concrete
t 9,463 11,448 11,874 11,492 10,356 -9.9
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produced from concrete


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produced from wood
t 3,844 2,982 3,114 2,178 1,798 -17.4
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produced from wood


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Rails
t 42,100 46,340 51,590 50,050 38,434 -23.2
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Rails


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Lubricants
t 670 640 598 628 653 4.0
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Lubricants


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Chemicals
t 158 165 168 177 147 -16.7
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Chemicals


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Acids, alkaline solutions, chemicals
t 70 79 74 74 60 -18.9
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Acids, alkaline solutions, chemicals


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Paints, lacquers, thinners
t 85 83 92 101 86 -14.9
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Paints, lacquers, thinners


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Herbicides
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t 3.0 2.8 2.2 1.9 1.3 -27.7
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Herbicides


Footnote

Optimisation and reduction of glyphosate use.

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Road salt
t 284 367 8 13 6 -53.9
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Road salt


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Copy paper
t 359 321 281 192 166 -13.7
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Copy paper


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Waste
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Data on SBB Ltd and SBB Cargo Ltd (Switzerland).
Industrial waste
t 357,477 364,466 320,419 339,402 254,124 -25.1
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Industrial waste


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Track excavation waste (ballast, sand and gravel)
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t 253,820 268,260 231,518 242,669 165,459 -31.8
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Track excavation waste (ballast, sand and gravel)


Footnote

Quantity of track excavation waste that cannot be cleaned on site and immediately reused as ballast. It is handed over to Swiss waste management companies, which process and reuse around 80 % of it, for example as chips for concrete; the remaining 20 % has to be landfilled. To these quantities must be added the portion of the track excavation waste that is so heavily polluted that it must be disposed of in hazardous waste landfills (see section on hazardous waste).

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Metals
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t 80,420 73,492 73,730 77,140 72,947 -5.4
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Metals


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Concrete sleepers
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t 17,526 15,641 6,195 11,898 9,798 -17.7
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Concrete sleepers


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Building materials, excavation
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t 2,620 3,755 5,074 3,865 2,401 -37.9
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Building materials, excavation


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Waste disposal: recycling, thermal recovery or landfill.

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Wood
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t 1,259 1,611 1,598 1,667 1,667 0.0
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Wood


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Waste disposal: thermal recovery.

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Paper, cardboard
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t 524 769 776 805 835 3.7
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Paper, cardboard


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Plastic, rubber
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t 454 372 454 513 393 -23.3
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Plastic, rubber


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Waste disposal: recycling or thermal recovery.

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Electronic waste
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t 279 133 241 326 235 -28.0
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Electronic waste


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Organic waste, compost
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t 98 78 94 55 32 -41.4
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Organic waste, compost


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Waste disposal: composting, fermentation.

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Glass
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t 146 127 94 166 184 11.0
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Glass


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Other industrial waste
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t 331 228 645 299 174 -41.9
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Other industrial waste


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Waste disposal: recycling, thermal recovery or landfill.

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Hazardous wastes
t 61,800 51,648 44,634 45,939 30,625 -33.3
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Hazardous wastes


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Heavily contaminated spoil
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t 40,081 32,989 23,566 19,435 15,819 -18.6
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Heavily contaminated spoil


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Waste disposal: landfill.

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Contaminated old wood (wooden sleepers)
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t 18,592 15,205 17,435 22,419 11,237 -49.9
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Contaminated old wood (wooden sleepers)


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Waste disposal: thermal recovery.

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Cleaning residue
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t 860 756 985 1,097 966 -11.9
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Cleaning residue


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Waste disposal: recycling, thermal recovery or landfill.

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Chemicals
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t 579 835 759 807 792 -2.0
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Chemicals


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Waste disposal: recycling or thermal recovery.

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Used oil , transformer oil
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t 760 605 618 768 534 -30.5
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Used oil , transformer oil


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Waste disposal: thermal recovery.

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Slurry
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t 447 572 533 560 527 -5.9
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Slurry


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Waste disposal: thermal recovery.

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Accumulators, batteries
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t 327 393 417 394 334 -15.2
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Accumulators, batteries


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Waste disposal: recycling.

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Contaminated containers
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t 53 54 48 50 47 -6.3
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Contaminated containers


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Waste disposal: recycling or thermal recovery.

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Other hazardous waste
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t 100 241 273 408 369 -9.6
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Other hazardous waste


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Waste disposal: recycling, thermal recovery or landfill.

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Public refuse
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t 11,893 12,655 11,863 12,866 9,617 -25.3
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Public refuse


Footnote

Volume of waste sent by SBB for disposal.

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Combustible waste
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t 10,148 10,898 10,316 11,429 8,662 -24.2
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Combustible waste


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Volume of waste sent by SBB for thermal recovery.

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Paper, cardboard
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t 1,279 1,162 954 849 489 -42.5
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Paper, cardboard


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Collected and reused by type.

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Glass
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t 44 58 64 58 46 -21.2
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